“Socratic questioning is differentiated from normal questioning on basis of systematic approach and focuses on fundamental concepts. It emphasizes on eliminating all negative and unwanted thoughts filtering all impurities of the mind.
Socrates believed the only key to finding answers is to question and keep on questioning. The only way to improve one’s personality is to question your standards and improve. Questioning is the only tool to discovery.”
The classical Greek Philosopher and ethical thinker, Socrates was born in Athens in 469 BC. Socrates’ father Sophroniscus was a sculptor by profession and his mother Phaenarete a midwife.
Socrates laid a strong constitution by contributing to the fields of epistemology and logic. Socrates employed an influential thinking pattern, with logical tricks to answer any questions.
His valuable concepts like Socratic irony and the Socratic Method are ingrained in western philosophy. Socratic Method is known as an elenctic method, or Socratic irony or Socratic debate. It can be used to clarify any meaning, to gradually unfold different perspectives or explore consequences.
Socratic irony is when you pretend to be ignorant in order to expose the ignorance or inconsistency of someone else.
A Socratic method is a form of brainstorming between individuals, based on asking and answering questions to stimulate critical thinking and to draw out new ideas and underlying presumptions.
The philosophical theories and the utility of its applications in practical life made him the Father of Western Philosophy. One of the influential and enduring contribution made by Socrates, that is followed even today in our everyday life is – Socrates Questioning.
Let’s discuss the term Socrates Questioning and understand the overview of the concept –
Socrates taught us to raise questions and discover answers through the quizzical techniques and asking patterns.
Socratic questioning follows a disciplined process that pursues improved thoughts, new insights, principles, and assumptions. The main key of Socratic questioning is to engage discussions, develop critical thinking and spark new concepts to act as a solution. This method has gained popularity in discussions to emphasize out of box thinking and create innovative solutions. Even doctors, therapists, use this method to reduce the mental pressure of patients, making them understand the logic reasoning to derive at a conclusion.
Socratic questioning develops students to understand questions, reason the alternatives and assess the validity of answers. This type of questioning is used in different professions like Psychotherapy, Human Resources – Training & Development, Planning, and Operations Methodology. Trainers or Professors use the method to understand the thinking potential of students and develop questioning abilities. The method is used to distinguish the knowledge level of students and embed in them rational modesty. The Socratic questioning promotes the questioner to reformulate new question then another question engaging intellects in the discourse.
Socrates questioning plays a pivotal role in following aspects –
- Develop listening and thinking skills of students.
- Cultivate an interest in learning through deep thinking / critical thinking.
- Understand the ethical dilemma and actions.
- Examine the various consequences and outcomes.
- Challenge the illogical thoughts and ways.
- Ratification of modern philosophy.
The greatest tactic of this method is that the teacher pretends to be ignorant of the topic and motivates the students to participate in the questioning process, bridging the progress towards truth and reality.
Socratic Method is an open discussion type. It eliminates all the evil, misconceptions and builds reliable knowledge structure. The force of the discussions gives us the advantages to accessible multiple points or explore moral and epistemological issues.
Socrates is not only Father of western philosophy but also moral and political philosophy.
Any type of informal discussion, casual conversations without application of ethical standards or principles or beliefs can’t be termed as Socratic Dialogue.